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Had the alternating current polyphase system been the only thing he ever invented, the name of Nikola Tesla would still remain permanently inscribed on the list of the most renowned people whose work has been of pivotal importance for the development of civilization.

Moreover, knowing that Tesla invented or theoretically anticipated many technical devices people are using today, his role becomes immeasurable. Nikola Tesla was a pioneer in a staggering number of fields; AC power was only one of them.

He has also done significant research and development in a wide variety of other disciplines, and his body of patents ranges through such diverse fields as robotics, wireless communications, fluid dynamics, radar, electro-therapeutic equipment, artificial lighting, X-rays,  computer systems...

The Tesla coil, which he invented in 1891, is widely used today in radio and television sets and other electronic equipment. Among his discoveries are the fluorescent light, charged particles beam, wireless transmission of electrical energy, remote control,  Tesla’s turbines and vertical take off aircraft. Tesla is the father of the radio and the modern electrical transmissions systems. He registered over 700 patents worldwide. Many inventions developed by Tesla were not put into patent protection His vision included exploration of solar energy and the power of the sea. He foresaw interplanetary communications and satellites.
TESLA INVENTIONS - devices and principles developed by Nikola Tesla
A list, by no means complete, of the Tesla's inventions which still power our world today:
Tesla inventions
  1. Tesla Coil & auto ignition system
  2. AC polyphase system
  3. Exploration of solar and thermal energy
  4. Transmitting Power without Wires
  5. Radio
  6. Employing Electricity as a Fertiliser
  7. Fluorescent Lighting & neon lights
  8. X-ray devices
  9. Vertical Take Off and Landing aircraft
  10. Terrestrial Stationary Waves
  11. Robotics
  12. Devices for ionized gases
  13. Superconducting device
  14. Devices for lightning protection
  15. Magnifying transmitter
  16. Charged particles beam
  17. Death Rays
  18. Thermo-Electric Power
  19. Radiation
  20. Radar
  21. Electrotherapeutics - Tesla currents
  22. Computing Logic Circuits
  23. Remote Control/Communications
  24. Bladeless Turbine
  25. Apparatus for ozone generation
Radio tower Radio
In December 1901 Marconi established wireless communication between Britain and Newfoundland, Canada, earning him the Nobel Prize in 1909. But much of Marconi’s work was not original. Nikola Tesla  is the true inventor of radio, while the Italian Guglielmo Marconi took the credit and is widely regarded as having the title. The heart of radio transmission is based upon four tuned circuits for transmitting and receiving. It is Tesla’s original concept, demonstrated in his famous lecture at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia in 1893. In 1943, six months after Tesla’s death, the United States Supreme Court recognized Tesla’s more significant contribution as the inventor of radio technology.
   
Tesla X-ray picture of hand X-ray
In April 1887, Nikola Tesla began to investigate X-rays using high voltages and tubes of his own design in which a high-energy secondary X-ray emission is produced when charged particles (such as electrons) pass through matter. His X-ray experimentation by vacuum high field emissions also led him to alert the scientific community to the biological hazards associated with X-ray exposure.

Tesla continued research in the field. He performed several experiments prior to Roentgen's discovery including photographing the bones of his hand. He experimented with shadowgraphs similar to those that later were to be used by Wilhelm Röntgen when he investigated X-rays in 1895. Tesla even sent these images to Roentgen but did not make his findings widely known; much of his research was lost in the 5th Avenue laboratory fire of March 1895 which prevented him from fully developing his discovery. In 1901 Röntgen was awarded the very first Nobel Prize in Physics for his study of x-rays.
   
Electron Discovery of the electron
When Nikola Tesla discovered the electron, one of the most important discoveries in the history of science as a whole, he wrote to J.J. Thomson in 1891 saying his experiments prove the existence of charged particles ("small charged balls").

In an article entitled “Electric discharge in vacuum tube” published in The Electrical Engineer, Tesla described his experiment with electrical discharge in a vacuum tube as a consequence of electrostatic interaction, i.e. the activity of charged particles.    

J.J. Thomson reacted to Tesla's paper with his own article „Note“, claiming that such effects can be achieved even without the effect of electrostatics. Tesla responded with an article „Reply to J.J. Thomson's Note“, in which he disputed Thomson's claim, pointing out the significance of the effects of electrostatics. He explicitly stated that the observed phenomenon is the result of “small, charged particles” moving at high velocity and colliding with molecules of rarefied gas. In other words, Tesla was clearly claiming that his experiment proved the existence of charged particles, while J.J. Thomson disputed this. Until 1897, scientists believed atoms were indivisible, the ultimate particles of matter. Tesla even talked about experiments that suggested particles with fractional charges of an electron - something that scientists in 1977 finally discovered - quarks!

Five years later Thomson conducted a different experiment and also proved the existence of electrons.Thomson was awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the electron and his work on the conduction of electricity in gases.
   
Radar Radar
Tesla, in August 1917, first established principles regarding frequency and power level for the first primitive radar units. In the 1917 The Electrical Experimenter, Tesla stated the principals of modern military radar in detail. Tesla's study of high voltage, high frequency alternating currents lead to this development. Tesla had formed the concept of using radio waves to detect objects at a distance. In 1934 the French Émile Girardeau stated he was building a radar system "conceived according to the principles stated by Tesla". Girardeau radar was first working radar system, a part of which was installed on the Normandie liner in 1935.

At the beginning of World War I, the government desperately searched for a way to detect German ships and submarines. The government put Thomas Edison (then President of the Naval Consulting Board) in charge of the search for a good method. Tesla proposed the use of energy waves – what we know today as radar - to detect these ships. Edison rejected Tesla’s idea as ludicrous and the world had to wait another 20 years until first radar was  constructed.
   
Cosmic ray radiation Radiation
In 1897, Tesla researched radiation, which led to setting up the basic formulation of cosmic rays.
   
Tesla coil Tesla coil
A Tesla coil is a type of resonant transformer circuit invented by Nikola Tesla around 1891. It is used to produce high voltage, relatively high current, high frequency alternating current electricity. Tesla experimented with a number of different configurations and they consist of two, or sometimes three, coupled resonant electric circuits.

Tesla used these coils to conduct innovative experiments in electrical lighting, phosphorescence, x-ray generation, high frequency alternating current phenomena, electrotherapy, radio technology and the transmission of electrical energy without wires. The Tesla coil is an early predecessor (along with the induction coil) of a more modern device called a flyback transformer, which provides the voltage needed to power the cathode ray tube used in televisions and computer monitors. The versions of Tesla coil is widely used today in radio and television sets and other electronic equipment.
   
Tesla plasma lamp Tesla plasma lamp
Tesla was right in the end about so many things, it seems. Edison believed the filament bulb was the best method for generating light, while Tesla, the inventor of radio, advocated radio-frequency powered lamps and patented first plasma lamp in 1890. Tesla RF plasma lamp was reinvented in first decade of 21st century, and it is the most energy-efficient light source on the market, almost ten times more energy-efficient than Tom Edison’s incandescent bulb. Read more...
   
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