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The remains of the former hydroelectric plant "Krka" are located at Skradinski Buk, in national park Krka. Ante Šupuk (1838 - 1904) was a Croatian engineer and inventor, also a mayor of Šibenik. In 1895 he built the hydroelectric power plant on river Krka as one of the world's first hydroelectric power plants, and connected it to a lighting system using alternating current. It was the first of its kind in Croatia and Europe. During World War II power plant “Krka” was heavily damaged. Due to the historical significance, the former Krka hydroelectric plant is protected as a monument of industrial architecture. 
KRKA - Second polyphase AC power plant in the world
The hydroelectric power plant „Krka“ (later called Jaruga I) was the first commercial polyphase alternating current (AC) power system in Croatia, the first such hydro power plant in Europe, and second in the world. It was set in operation on 28 August 1895, at 20:00, two days after the famous Adams Power Plant on the Niagara Falls.  The same evening hydroelectric  plant „Krka“  began supplying power to the street lights in Šibenik, making it the first city in the world with street lights powered by a polyphase system of alternating current (AC). The transmission line from the power plant to the city of Šibenik was 11 km (6.8 mi) long on wooden towers, and the municipal distribution grid 3000V/110 V included six transformer stations.

Although Niagara plant was set in operation few days before Krka plant, the first electricity transmitted from Niagara Falls to nearby Buffalo was sent one year later, on November 16, 1896, when building of the 22 mile transmission line was finished. Both hydroelectric plants, Adams Power Plant on the Niagara Falls and „Krka“ power plant, were based on the work of Nikola Tesla, using Tesla's AC system patent. These power plants were built during the "War of Currents" between Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison as to whether alternating current or direct current electric power would prevail, and successful operation of first AC hydroelectric plants led to adoption of alternating current at much larger scale and its eventual dominance worldwide.
Nikola Tesla was born on July 10, 1856 in the small village of Smiljan, Croatia (then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire). Tesla's patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems. A memorial center „Nikola Tesla“ in Smiljan, near the town of Gospic in the Lika region, is about 100 km far from the NP Krka.
National park Krka main page > Skradinski buk > Hydroelectric power plant Krka
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